Phases

Phases

Summary: 
Time in the Life-History of the Buildings and Spaces in the BACH Area is measured by the sequence of Features and Units assembled into Phases
Description: 

Aerial shot of Building 3, June 2002

Aerial shot of Building 3, June 2002

At Çatalhöyük each building is excavated according to the single context system of excavation and recording with the underlying concept that a building has a life history. In the BACH Area, our aim in analyzing the architectural features and identifying the sequence of depositional events was to construct the history of Building 3 by defining major changes referred to as “phases,” in which a number of depositional events happened in association. Such major events included moving the location of the main oven in the building and repositioning the bins and basins; or the link between burial events under platforms with their major replastering (sometimes with color) and a reconfiguration of the shape and boundary of platforms; or the partitioning of space, not only by horizontally raised platforms but also by vertical walls.

 

We identified eight phases in the occupation of Building 3. Each phase has the prefix “B3” denoting it as a phase in the history of Building 3 (the main building investigated in the BACH Area). Some major phases are divided into sub-phases with letter suffixes, identified by fewer changes:

  • B3.1A–D is a long phase with 4 sub-phases that includes the initial construction and its early history.
  • B3.2 identified by major changes in feature configuration and deposits.
  • B3.3 identified by the initial burials and architectural changes
  • B3.4A–B identified by several burial events, and the increasing partitioning by walls and a screen of the original open space of Building 3.

We also identified a phase (B3.5A) at the end of its life-history comprising its deliberate closure, collapse, and abandonment.

Finally, post-Neolithic activity (Phase B3.5B) comprised several burials of the late Roman period (4th C end AD) Each of these phases has a complex Harris matrix scheme to represent the detailed stratigraphic relations of its units and features.

 

Digital Heritage Items: 
Life-History of Building 3
Community: 
BAÇH Team, Catalhoyuk Research Project
Category: 
Architecture, Features, Guide
Summary: 
This composite of the Phase Diagrams of Building 3 shows the changing configuration of architectural features and burial and other events that comprise the building's life-history
phase1A_composite_colored.jpg
Community: 
BAÇH Team, Catalhoyuk Research Project
Category: 
Architecture, Event, Features, Fieldworking, Guide
Summary: 
Phase B3.1A. The initial construction of Building 3
phase1B_composite_colored.jpg
Community: 
BAÇH Team, Catalhoyuk Research Project
Category: 
Architecture, Event, Features, Guide
Summary: 
Phase B3.1B is characterized by increased construction but no changes in configuration of Building 3
phase2_colored.jpg
Community: 
BAÇH Team, Catalhoyuk Research Project
Category: 
Architecture, Event, Features, Guide
Summary: 
Phase B3.2 comprised a major re-modelling of Building 3, in laying the floor, locating the oven, and the establishment of a series of white clay basins
phase3_colored.jpg
Community: 
BAÇH Team, Catalhoyuk Research Project
Category: 
Architecture, Burial, Event, Features, Guide
Summary: 
The second re-modelling of Building 3 is marked by the first burials in the house and a marked reduction in domestic architectural features
phase4a_colored.jpg
Community: 
BAÇH Team, Catalhoyuk Research Project
Category: 
Architecture, Burial, Event, Features, Guide
Summary: 
Phase B3.4A is signified by the first partial partitioning of Building 3 into two rooms (the larger Space 86 and the long narrow Space 158 to its west); in addition burials are dug through platforms for the first time.
phase4b_colored.jpg
Community: 
BAÇH Team, Catalhoyuk Research Project
Category: 
Architecture, Burial, Features, Guide
Summary: 
Phase B3.4B comprises the final occupation phase of Building 3 and its final burials as well as the completion of partitioning the larger room Space 86 from the narrow western Space 158
Community: 
BAÇH Team, Catalhoyuk Research Project
Category: 
Architecture, BACH_afterlives, Burial, Features, Guide
Summary: 
This 27-min video focuses on the life-history of Building 3, that was excavated in its entirety during seven seasons of work 1997-2003. This movie guides you through the interpretation of Building 3 from construction to closure and abandonment
Using the Harris Matrix. Figure 2.12 of the Last House on the Hill, printed edition
Community: 
BAÇH Team, Catalhoyuk Research Project
Category: 
Event, Features, Fieldwork, Fieldworking, People, Spaces_Places
Summary: 
Using the Harris Matrix in the BACH Area a) constructing the sequence of depositional events in 1999; (b) matrix of the northeast platform (F.173). Figure 2.12 of the Last House on the Hill, printed edition